Nosebleeds are very common. The nose contains many small blood vessels that bleed easily.  Most nosebleeds occur because of minor irritations or colds. They can be frightening for some patients, but are rarely life threatening.

Air moving through the nose can dry and irritate the membranes lining the inside of the nose, forming crusts. These crusts bleed when irritated by rubbing, picking, or blowing the nose.  The lining of the nose is more likely to become dry and irritated from low humidity.  Thus, nosebleeds occur more frequently in the winter when heated indoor air dries out the nostrils.  Other common causes are:

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • An object stuck in the nose
  • Blowing the nose very hard
  • Chemical irritants
  • Direct injury to nose, including a broken nose
  • Nose picking
  • Overuse of decongestant nasal sprays
  • Repeated sneezing
  • Upper respiratory infection

Most nosebleeds occur on the front of the nasal septum, the tissue that separates the two sides of the nose. The septum contains many fragile, easily damaged blood vessels. Less commonly, nosebleeds may occur higher on the septum or deeper in the nose.

Dr. Price can normally fix the blood vessel causing the bleed in the office with a simple procedure.  The area is first numbed with a topical anesthetic and then cauterized.  Once this is done, simply keeping the area moisturized and clean will fix the problem.  Occasionally, the same blood vessel may need to be cauterized more than once.